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Below, you will find - partially in note form - explanations to terms that are used in our ccTLD application forms. The main captions refer to the respective sections in our ccTLD application forms.
Some application forms include country-specific sections, which are not documented here; however, normally it should be possible to complete those sections without further explanations.
Each ccTLD application form can only be used for particular ccTLDs. Some of the forms are only useable for one country and the appropriate ccTLD(s). Forms that can be used for multiple countries or ccTLDs provide a list of the domains for which they are useable.

Intended action

Registration

Providing all data, which is required by the application form, is imperative.

Transfer

Knipp takes over the operation of an already existing domain.
This section is not available in all ccTLD application forms, because there are ccTLDs for which we cannot initiate a transfer.
When requesting a transfer, please enter all the required data in the form how they should be after the transfer has been accomplished.
The definition of what a »transfer« is differs from country to country.
In those countries which manage the domains by using a registrar system, »transfer« means that we become the responsible registrar for this domain, if we are listed as registrar for this country.
In countries without registrar system, or without the possibility to become a registrar, »transfer« means that we act as an agent on your behalf. We act as invoice recipient for the domain and carry out modifications in compliance with your instructions.
In the framework of transfers it is almost always necessary to provide documents that are duly signed by the domain holder and that authorize the transfer. Normally, you will receive precompleted documents after you have sent us your application via e-mail.
Unfortunately, in some countries it is quite complicated to accomplish transfers. This is reasoned in the fact that those countries' domain registries require notarially certified documents. One example is Czechia. In addition to this, there are countries in which certain modifications on domains are subject to hard restrictions; as for example a holder modification of a french domain is only permitted on specific conditions.

Modification

Modifying the data of a domain that is already being operated by Knipp.
When requesting a modification, please enter the domain name first and subsequently only the data to be updated , and only in the form it shall appear after the modification is accomplished.
Depending on the country and the intended actions on the domain, it may be necessary to provide docuemnts signed by the domain holder, that authorize the modifications. Normally, you will receive precompleted documents after you have sent us your application via e-mail.

Domain name(s)

Please fill in the domain name here, for which you would like to apply the »intended action«.
If you intend to register, transfer, or modfiy multiple domains, which all have or should get the same data (holder, etc.), please add more line(s) beginning with »Domain:« and enter the other domain name(s).
Do not specify domains, which can not be used with this form.

Domain names including special characters

If special characters are allowed within the domain name, this is noted on our appropriate country page. If you would like to apply a domain which includes special characters, enter the domain name with special characters after »Domain:«. Additionally, please convert the domain name by using our converting tools into so-called Punycode and specify it directly below the appropriate domain name after »Punycode:«.
Attention: if an application form contains a »Punycode:« line, this does not necessarily mean special characters could be used for every domain which can be registered with this form.

Basic restrictions for domain names

Several basic restrictions constrain the domain name choice, which are similar in almost every country.

Specific restrictions for domain names

Some countries constrain the allowed domain names even more, by insisting on the term, that the designated domain holder has to be a firm, whose name is identical to the applied domain name. Normally the most important specific restrictions are arranged on the appropriate country site (without warranty).

Domain holder

The holder of a domain is the firm, other kind of organization, or private person, who holds all rights of the domain and who assumes responsibility for all contents which are being made available by the domain name.
If a firm or other kind of organization (e.g. membership corporation) should become holder of a domain, by all means the full name of the firm/organization with legal form must be given. For example neither »Knipp« nor »Knipp Medien«, but »Knipp Medien und Kommunikation GmbH«.
An erroneous specification can cause a peck of trouble if e.g. a modification has to be made, which requires approval by the domain holder.
In some countries only allow firms or other organizations to become domain holder.
In some countries (e.g. Italy) specific domain holder data are necessary. Unfortunately, the registration is impossible without them.

Administrative Contact

In most countries the declaration of a person, who would be the contact person for nontechnical concerns of a domain, is necessary.
Depending on the country, the number of persons, who could act as administrative contact, is restricted.
As a gerneral rule: If the domain holder is a private person, this person has to become administrative contact also. If the domain holder is a firm or other organization, the administrative contact has to be an actually existing person, which is associated to this firm/organization.

Technical contact

Not in every country a technical contact is being used, whereas for organizational reasons it is necessary that we are mentioned as technical contact in some countries. Therefore, this section is not included in every ccTLD application form.
If the section »technical contact« exists and you operate at least one name server by yourself, you can identify a person or a general role description as contact for technical concerns. If you do not give any declarations here, we will specify ourself as technical contact.

Name servers/Forwardings

For almost every country at least two running name servers have to be specified, which give authorative answers for the domain.
If you do not operate name servers yourself, or if you do not know, what a name server actually is, mark the main option »Knipp name servers only« with a cross and specify additional options e.g. among »I would like to use forwardings«.
For almost every country you can specify your own name servers, one exception is e.g. Denmark (see domain application form Denmark).

Important notices on operating your own name servers with ccTLDs.

Many foreign domain registries check the name servers. If these checks fail, the domain can not be registered, transferred, or modified. Name server checks differ from country to country in complexity and strictness. In each country different perceptions of »correctly« configured name servers exist. We will inform you about the reasons, if a name server check fails. Afterwards you are responsible to correct the »errors«. Naturally we have no influence on the way how the name servers will be checked by the foreign domain registry. But in most cases your name servers will pass the check successfully, if you pay regard to our notices according to setting up name servers.

Only own name servers

Specify names and IPs of at least two name servers. If more than three name servers shall be used, please insert additional double-spaced slave name server records into the form and specify the data of the additional slave name servers there. Please do not forget to set up the domain(s) on all specified name servers and to make a cross at the belonging declaration, afterwards.

Own name server(s) and one Knipp name server

Specify at least name and IP of your master name server. If more than three name servers shall be used, please insert additional double-spaced slave name server records into the form and specify the data of the additional slave name servers there. Please do not forget to set up the domain(s) on all name servers you specified and to allow zone transfer from the master name server to ns3.knipp.de/194.64.105.66. Subsequently make a cross at the belonging declaration in the form.

Only Knipp name servers

I would like to use forwardings

If you make a cross at this sub option, you may specify after »HTTP forwarding to:«, to which target address the designated domain shall be forwarded. In addition you can specify after »e-mail forwarding to:«, the e-mail address to which all e-mails associated to the applied domain, will be send.
Further information on this is available in the description of our bundle, which is included with every domain registration.

I would like to use the following zone data

This option should only be used by experts. Here you may specify (even additional to your specifications among »I would like to use forwardings«), what we should specify in the domain zone. For example A Records and MX Records can be specified here. If you need more than 5 lines, please add additional lines and use them for your additional specifications.

I operate a Stealth Server

Stealth Server used to be called »Hidden Primary«, »Hidden Master« or something alike, elsewhere.
If you choose this option, Knipp will provide the name servers officially. However the zone data will be received from the name server specified here.
Please do not forget to set up the domain(s) on the specfied Stealth Server and allow zone transfer to ns2.knipp.de/195.253.6.52 and ns3.knipp.de/194.64.105.66. Subsequently make a cross at the declaration in the form.
Please pay attention to the fact, that miscellaneous foreign name server checks demand that the zones look absolutely as if they are being operated by Knipp. This means that the NS Records must specify the Knipp name servers only. Furthermore the SOA Record must refer to ns2.knipp.de as origin.

Invoice address

To this address the domain invoice will be send.
Please note that we can send invoices only to the person or firm, which sends the application, that means that the sender of this form must be identical to the invoice recipient or must be associated to the same firm.
If you already have got a Knipp customer id, please specify only this customer id. If you do not have got customer id yet, please specify at least the lines which are marked with an *.
If you would like to receive the invoice to a firm, please make sure that the complete firm name including legal form is specified. We will strictly not send invoices to firms without specification of their legal form. If the legal form is missing, we will send the invoice to the specified person instead.
For customers, who can not provide a Euro VAT Code (value added tax identification number), we have to charge the german value added tax.

General terms and conditions / Registration<BR> conditions

Please confirm in making a cross, that you accept the general terms and conditions of Knipp Medien und Kommunikation GmbH.
In some ccTLD application forms, this declaration includes a declaration of accepting the registration terms and conditions of the appropriate country.
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